Archive | Language RSS feed for this section

Japanese: Month

15 Feb

Months in Japanese are just numbers added by the word ‘gatsu’. Here are they:

January (1st month) = Ichi-gatsu

February (2nd month) = Ni-gatsu

March (3rd month) = San-gatsu

April (4th month) = Shi-gatsu / Yon-gatsu

May (5th month) = Go-gatsu

June (6th month) = Roku-gatsu

July (7th month) = Shichi-gatsu

August (8th month) = Hachi-gatsu

September (9th month) = Ku-gatsu

October (10th month) = Jyu-gatsu

November (11th month) = Jyu-ichi-gatsu

December (12th month) = Jyu-ni-gatsu

Japanese is interesting, right? Okay, that’s for now. I will post again about Japanese later.

Japanese: Number

10 Feb

It’s been a while I haven’t post new post. There are some trouble, I just got a flu and the new semester is coming up. But here is some about Japanese.

0 = zero / maru

1 = ichi

2 = ni

3 = san

4 = yon / shi

5 = go

6 = roku

7 = nana / sichi

8 = hachi

9 = kyu / ku

10 = jyu

Example:

  1. phone number (denwa bango) >> 08123456789 (zero-hachi-ichi-ni-san-yon-go-roku-nana-hachi-kyu)
  2. room number >> 308 (san-maru-hachi)

For number after ten, the order is like this:

11 = jyu ichi (ten-one)

13 = jyu san (ten-three)

20 = ni jyu (two-ten)

21 = ni jyu ichi (two-ten-one)

99 = kyu jyu kyu (nine-ten-nine)

For bigger numbers:

100 = hyaku

1000 = sen

10000 = man

Example:

  1. 157 = hyaku go jyu nana (hundred-fifty-seven)
  2. 461 = yon hyaku roku jyu ichi (four hundred-sixty-one)
  3. 1995 = sen kyu hyaku kyu jyu go (one thousand-nine hundred-ninety-five)
  4. 2006 = ni sen roku (two thousand-six)
  5. 52000 = go man ni sen (fifty thousand-two thousand)

Okay, that’s for now. I’ll post again later. Enjoy!

Japanese: Pronouns

26 Jan

This time I’ll post about learning pronouns in Japanese.

I = Watashi ; We = Watashi-tachi (plural)

You = Anata ; You all (kalian [Indonesia]) = Anata-gata (plural)

He = Kare / Ano-kata (that person) ; They = Karera (plural)

She = Kanojo / Ano-kata (that person) ; They = Karera (plural)

It = Sore ; Those = Sorera (plural)

 

Titles of Address

~san : used to address man or woman in polite, example: Mr. Tanaka = Tanaka-san

~sama : title for honored man or woman, example: Mr. Yoshida = Yoshida-sama

~chan : used to address special people, usually kids and girl, example: Shizuka-chan

~kun : used to address boy or young man, example: Nobita-kun

 

That was my notes about Japanese pronouns. There are actually more pronouns, but I just post the most used pronouns. Hope it may be useful. Enjoy!

Japanese: Aisatsu

22 Jan

Aisatsu means greetings. In Japan, there are many kinds of greetings. Here are some of the common greetings:

  1. Ohayou gozaimasu (polite) / Ohayou =  good morning
  2. O genki desu ka? = how are you?
  3. O genki desu ne = I’m fine, thank you
  4. Konnichi wa = good / good afternoon
  5. Konban wa = good evening
  6. Oyasumi nasai = please rest / good night
  7. Sayounara = good bye
  8. Mata ne / ja mata = see you

 

People who are about to leave the house usually say: “Itte kimasu” / “Itte-mairi-masu” (I am going out)

People who are in the house will reply: “Itte-irasshai-mase”

Another common greeting about leaving the house: “O dekakemasuka?” (You’re leaving?)

 

People who are returning home usually say: “Tada-ima” (I am back now)

People who are in the house will reply: “Okaerinasai” (We welcome your return)

Another common greeting about returning home: “Ima, okaeridesuka?” (You’re going back?)

 

DOMO is the most common greeting. It has many variation and the meaning also different with the different kind of variation. Here are the examples:

  1. Domo = thanks (the shortest form of = Domo arigatou gozaimasu)
  2. Domo arigatou = thank you (more polite than = Domo)
  3. Domo arigatou gozaimasu = thank you very much (very polite form)
  4. Domo itsumo osewa ni narimasu = sorry for causing you trouble
  5. Domo senjitsu shitsurei itashimashita = sorry for the last few days
  6. Domo sumimasen = I’m sorry

That was some basic conversation in Japanese. I’ll post again later..! 😀

Quiz: Japanese for Beginner#2

21 Jan

-Isilah titik-titik dengan partikel yang tepat.

1. Ano-kata ­­___ gakusei desu.

2. Boorupen ___ kami no shita ni arimasu.

3. Kore wa Ali-san ___ kaban desu.

4. Koen ___ chikaku ni yubinkyoku ga arimasu.

5. Han-san wa gakkou e basu ___ ikimashita.

6. Migi te ___ tabemasu.

7. Rao-san wa heya ___ benkyoushimasu.

8. Niwa ___ haha ga imasu.

9. Maiban 11ji ___ nemasu.

10. Watashi wa haha ___ okane o moraimashita.

11. Watashi wa tomodachi ___ eiga o mimashita.

12. Heya ni tsukue ___ beddo ___ isu ga arimasu.

13. Watashi wa tomodachi ni hon ___ karimashita.

14. Rao-san wa kuni ___ kaerimashita.

15. Watashi wa nani ___ nomimasu.

Answer>>